Performance Analysis of Asynchronous FFH-MA under the Presence of the Frequency Offset

Jeungmin Joo, Kanghee Kim, Hyunduk Kang, and Kiseon Kim,
Department of Information and Communications, Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Kwangju, Republic of Korea,

DOI: 10.36724/2664-066X-2021-7-5-26-30

SYNCHROINFO JOURNAL. Volume 7, Number 5 (2021). P. 26-30.


In order to investigate the effect of asynchronous fast frequency hopping-multiple access (FFH-MA) systems due to the frequency offset, we evaluate the bit error rate (BER) performance, using noncoherent M-ary frequency shift keying (FSK) modulation in the Rayleigh fading channel. While the frequency offset increases at a given signal to noise ratio (SNR), the BER is severely degraded due to the loss of orthogonality of received symbols. With 10% frequency offset, about 5 dB SNR is required additionally to obtain 2 x 10-3 BER, compared to that in the perfectly frequency synchronized case. For the SNR of more than 20 dB, the threshold level of the receiver suffering from the frequency offsets should be greater than that of the perfectly synchronized receiver.

KeywordsHysteretic Oscillator, Frequency domain techniques, Floquet’s multipliers.


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